A comparative study of the inorganic nutrients in different types of Zea mays L. Using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

S. Qamar, M. Aslam, F. Z. Huyop, M. A. Javed

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used in this study to perform a quantitative elemental analysis in order to compare the inorganic nutrients in commercial white and noncommercial yellow maize flours. ICP-MS measurements reveals that both white and yellow maize flours contains 20 different elements including toxic elements (Pb, Cd, As, Ni, Cr, Sr, U), essential elements (Ca, Co, Se, Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo) and probably essential elements (Mg, K, Na, Ba, Al) and their crossponding nutrients values were compared in detail. The ICP -MS analysis revealed that inorganic elements such as Al, As, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, Pb, U, Zn have concentration of 168.19, 0.17, 2.13, 1327.56, 0.04, 0.12, 9.14, 5.43, 82.03, 34.90, 99.62, 2.83, 0.74, 96.09, 4.5, 9.49, 6.12, 0.03, 6.47 µg/g in white and 200.05, 0.17, 2.53, 1290.27, 0.04, 0.145, 9.85, 11.46, 115.13, 914.98, 1594.14, 21.48, 1.71, 63.89, 6.08, 17.05, 5.23, 0.027, 33.89 µg/g in yellow maize flour, respectively. On the other hand toxic elements such as Cd or Pb in both white and yellow maize flours does not exceed their maximum limit set by the European Legislation or values recommended by the codex alimentarius.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1315-1320
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Animal and Plant Sciences
Volume27
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2017

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corn flour
atomic absorption spectrometry
Zea mays
nutrients
Codex Alimentarius
laws and regulations
nutritive value

Keywords

  • Comparative analysis
  • Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
  • Inorganic nutrients
  • White and yellow maize flours

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Plant Science

Cite this

@article{485c9af738c24ceaa27cbada1495d082,
title = "A comparative study of the inorganic nutrients in different types of Zea mays L. Using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry",
abstract = "Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used in this study to perform a quantitative elemental analysis in order to compare the inorganic nutrients in commercial white and noncommercial yellow maize flours. ICP-MS measurements reveals that both white and yellow maize flours contains 20 different elements including toxic elements (Pb, Cd, As, Ni, Cr, Sr, U), essential elements (Ca, Co, Se, Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo) and probably essential elements (Mg, K, Na, Ba, Al) and their crossponding nutrients values were compared in detail. The ICP -MS analysis revealed that inorganic elements such as Al, As, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, Pb, U, Zn have concentration of 168.19, 0.17, 2.13, 1327.56, 0.04, 0.12, 9.14, 5.43, 82.03, 34.90, 99.62, 2.83, 0.74, 96.09, 4.5, 9.49, 6.12, 0.03, 6.47 µg/g in white and 200.05, 0.17, 2.53, 1290.27, 0.04, 0.145, 9.85, 11.46, 115.13, 914.98, 1594.14, 21.48, 1.71, 63.89, 6.08, 17.05, 5.23, 0.027, 33.89 µg/g in yellow maize flour, respectively. On the other hand toxic elements such as Cd or Pb in both white and yellow maize flours does not exceed their maximum limit set by the European Legislation or values recommended by the codex alimentarius.",
keywords = "Comparative analysis, Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, Inorganic nutrients, White and yellow maize flours",
author = "S. Qamar and M. Aslam and Huyop, {F. Z.} and Javed, {M. A.}",
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journal = "Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences",
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AU - Qamar,S.

AU - Aslam,M.

AU - Huyop,F. Z.

AU - Javed,M. A.

PY - 2017

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N2 - Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used in this study to perform a quantitative elemental analysis in order to compare the inorganic nutrients in commercial white and noncommercial yellow maize flours. ICP-MS measurements reveals that both white and yellow maize flours contains 20 different elements including toxic elements (Pb, Cd, As, Ni, Cr, Sr, U), essential elements (Ca, Co, Se, Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo) and probably essential elements (Mg, K, Na, Ba, Al) and their crossponding nutrients values were compared in detail. The ICP -MS analysis revealed that inorganic elements such as Al, As, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, Pb, U, Zn have concentration of 168.19, 0.17, 2.13, 1327.56, 0.04, 0.12, 9.14, 5.43, 82.03, 34.90, 99.62, 2.83, 0.74, 96.09, 4.5, 9.49, 6.12, 0.03, 6.47 µg/g in white and 200.05, 0.17, 2.53, 1290.27, 0.04, 0.145, 9.85, 11.46, 115.13, 914.98, 1594.14, 21.48, 1.71, 63.89, 6.08, 17.05, 5.23, 0.027, 33.89 µg/g in yellow maize flour, respectively. On the other hand toxic elements such as Cd or Pb in both white and yellow maize flours does not exceed their maximum limit set by the European Legislation or values recommended by the codex alimentarius.

AB - Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used in this study to perform a quantitative elemental analysis in order to compare the inorganic nutrients in commercial white and noncommercial yellow maize flours. ICP-MS measurements reveals that both white and yellow maize flours contains 20 different elements including toxic elements (Pb, Cd, As, Ni, Cr, Sr, U), essential elements (Ca, Co, Se, Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo) and probably essential elements (Mg, K, Na, Ba, Al) and their crossponding nutrients values were compared in detail. The ICP -MS analysis revealed that inorganic elements such as Al, As, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, Pb, U, Zn have concentration of 168.19, 0.17, 2.13, 1327.56, 0.04, 0.12, 9.14, 5.43, 82.03, 34.90, 99.62, 2.83, 0.74, 96.09, 4.5, 9.49, 6.12, 0.03, 6.47 µg/g in white and 200.05, 0.17, 2.53, 1290.27, 0.04, 0.145, 9.85, 11.46, 115.13, 914.98, 1594.14, 21.48, 1.71, 63.89, 6.08, 17.05, 5.23, 0.027, 33.89 µg/g in yellow maize flour, respectively. On the other hand toxic elements such as Cd or Pb in both white and yellow maize flours does not exceed their maximum limit set by the European Legislation or values recommended by the codex alimentarius.

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